Employment Law

Employment law includes the laws covering the relationships between employers and employees. Employment laws include federal and state laws, statutes, and regulations. State and local governments established many of these employment laws to protect employees. The most common form of employment laws addresses discrimination and workers compensation policies. Employment discrimination laws prohibit all forms of discrimination including discrimination based on gender, religion, ethnicity, disability, age, sexuality, and/or nationality. Discriminatory comments, harassment, and racial bias are a few variations of discrimination that occur in the workplace. Unfortunately, discrimination within the workplace occurs daily. For this reason, the government created the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). If a complaint reaches the EEOC concerning a business or employer, the agency’s responsibility is to investigate the situation. The EEOC, following the preliminary investigation, may pursue violations pursuant to employment law.

The EEOC frequently settles employment disputes through mediation. This process begins with a neutral third party present to assist in negotiations. Thus, mediation is as a form of alternative dispute resolution. Mediation has many positive factors contributing to the resolution of employment disputes. A few of these benefits include the ability to save time and money. Mediation decisions and agreements remain closed as well. Plaintiffs and defendants also like avoiding the cost of litigation by using mediation methods.

Another government agency that regulates employment practices is of the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL). The Department of Labor oversees the application of employment law in the workplace. The organization also monitors occupational safety and health. The government also created the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) to ensure overall workplace and employee safety. Unfortunately, not all companies follow such rules. This occasionally causes employees to get hurt or die in an unsafe work environment. Companies accused of violating the Department of Labor’s policies face investigation.

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